Bullfights, Bearfights, and Elisha the Prophet
Proposition 8, Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Joel

Love, Marriage, and Soulmates

When I became a JW in the 1970's, I would tell people divorce was unheard of among us; it simply never happened. It wasn't true.
But it was almost true. Divorce was rare enough that a new person might think it was true, and I did. Back then, there might be a couple dozen divorces within the entire circuit, and that would be cumulative, not per annum. Not anymore. Nobody today has the slightest difficulty listing any number of divorced persons. In fact, someone even tried to tell me that, here in the West, divorces are slightly more frequent among JWs than the general population. I don't think that's true, just based upon what I see. But it might be true if one considers that huge swaths of people just don't bother with marriage anymore; they simply cohabit. Thus, should they break up, it does nothing to “harm the stats.”
Several years ago, I worked a part-time job that put me shoulder to shoulder with lots of young people. They'd ask how long I'd been married and do a doubletake when I told them. Products of divorce, separation, and single-parent families, they'd never come across someone married so long. Can you really expect that they're going to commit themselves to a model they've never seen work? So they simply live together when the time comes. Those who formalize their relationship into marriage may have lived together so long that their relationship is like an old comfortable shoe, unlikely to pinch.

But long-married folks among us know how marriage is. It's built on love and loyalty. You find just that right person to start with.... personalities that click, common interests, goals and so forth, and then you add in shared experiences, lots of communication, and deliberate acts of kindness expressed towards each other. You put time and effort into it. It's like sewing, really. Hundreds of tiny stitches, adding more all the time, to bind the garment ever tighter as one. It's all very fine. It builds over years and years.

And then one day someone comes along out of the blue, someone with whom you've done none of these things, and immediately narrows the gap by half simply by being themselves! What's with that? A “soulmate”? A “treacherous heart?” Or a bit of both?  Let's face it – people today love the idea of soulmates. 

Mrs. Sheepandgoats and I have talked through these things before. We have a good marriage. We don't have a perfect marriage. Are there any of those? We mesh as one on some things. We're quite unlike on others. We've worked through issues, like, really, any other lasting couple I know of.

That's why it irked me a little when I stumbled across that film Before Sunset, though at the same time I liked it a lot because it dealt intelligently with the attraction of soulmates.  It doesn't use the actual word, probably so as not to be assigned the category of “new age babble,” but it sure does explore the concept. It's a talky movie, full of persuasive, unforced, seemingly spontaneous dialogue, most of it filmed in long 6 or 7 minute takes while the two characters, man and woman, are strolling the streets of Paris. These two have reunited after a too-brief chance encounter ten years ago. It seemed, back then, that they were made for each other. They felt that instinctive attraction. They meant to develop and continue the relationship, but alas, circumstances yanked them apart and they did not reconnect until now – ten years later. In the meantime, they've both built lives, taken responsibilities, one of them is married with child.

What I like is that the soulmate notion is explored so well...we feel as they that developing awareness that they've both passed on that one person...each other...with whom they were meant to be. Moreover, the film develops so gradually you don't for a moment find it contrived. Ever so gradually it unfolds that this married fellow isn't happy with how his life has turned out, nor the woman with hers. His marriage is like a prison, he at long last confesses; he's married to a wonderful person, mind you, no one says otherwise, but just the wrong person. And when we learn why the he wrote his best-selling book in the first place....for that's the opening of the film: he's on a book tour promoting it.....you should think Slumdog Millionaire. He wrote the book about her, the only way he could think of to find her again! It's emotionally moving, I admit. That's what I like.

What I don't like is how conventional marriage suffers in comparison. Don't you have to cultivate a marriage? If this guy's marriage is a “prison,” isn't it through this own neglect? He's surely cultivated his career with due diligence, as we are made well aware. Would that he put the same effort into his marriage. But you know how it is with folks today. Relationships must be “pure heart,” no effort required. Thus, we have that stupid 1970 film Love Story, with it's silly “Love means never having to say you're sorry.” Any effort implies that perhaps the relationship is phony to begin with, and is not “meant to be.”
Though, having said that, if I recall correctly, this Before Sunset fellow married so as to be a responsible father to the child he had conceived. That's not the best foundation upon which to build, is it? Doesn't it serve to remind that you ought to go conceiving after the stable relationship is established, not before? I tell you, it makes me grateful to be one of Jehovah's Witnesses, a faith which has “held the line” regarding marriage over the past century, while most everyone else has learned to accommodate a new morality....to be satisfied with, not necessarily marriage, but merely a “caring relationship.” Okay, okay, so JWs show the strains of withstanding the new anti-marriage environment. We've even adapted to the times, and in the last few decades have listed a few scenarios....essentially, when you're married to someone who's just plain no good....under which separation is understandable. I mean, there are people with whom you just can't do much. Still, the JW stance is a far cry from most groups, who have thrown the marriage model overboard altogether, and how many of us might not have fared well were it not for that strong framework? For marriage, as practiced in most quarters today, is not thought to be a permanent bond, but simply a manifestation of hopeful intentions. You see your lawyer beforehand to draw up the pre-nups in case it doesn't work out.
However, back to the movie, and, of course, "true love" wins out at the end.....doesn't it always with new-age people?....this fellow reunites with his soulmate, presumably leaving his wonderful wife (and child) behind to fend for themselves.... responsibly, of course, with financial support and so forth. And, glory of glories, now that the very cosmos are aligned, doubtless the dumped wife (and child) are now freed to be reunited with their own soulmates! So it's a win-win-(win).
Now, what to make over all this?
With several billion men and women on the planet....you're not going to meet too many of them before marrying one for yourself, are you? So, after marriage, it would seem there's no way you're not going to run across someone, sooner or later, who appears more compatible than your own spouse! But if you've cultivated, sewn, and built upon your own marriage, shouldn't you be able to withstand a soulmate “assault?” Especially if you put some distance between yourselves. Whereas if you've cultivated, sewn, and built upon every other aspect of your life, while allowing the marriage to become a weed patch, it's likely doomed to extinction. Or you come to regard it as “a prison,” which isn't much better. Build on the marriage, however, and it becomes a great source of happiness, stability, loyalty, and love, even if you scratch your head sometimes over a “what if” soulmate scenario.
Besides, I 'm not so sure about “soulmates,” anyway. In the mid 1980's author Richard Bach brought soulmates to the masses. He was already well-known...a somewhat spacey character who authored Jonathan Livingston Seagull. His book stayed on the New York Times bestseller list for years, and spawned a movie scored by Neil Diamond. But then he went off on a well-publicized quest to find the "perfect match," the "one and only" for whom he was "meant to be!" He found her! He married her! His one true soulmate! His disciples swooned with joy and ecstasy! He spun a few books off the experience. He became THE soulmate guru. Years of natural bliss ensued. And then......don't you know....he divorced her! His soulmate!!! They say he received death threats from fans, who felt betrayed and who perhaps began to look apprehensively at their own soulmates. Read up on it here and here, if you like.
So it's intriguing, that notion of soulmates, but I hesitate to put too much stock into it.
Nonetheless, let's pursue this a bit. Wouldn't it also be the case that atheism, which is all the rage today, increases the appeal of the “soulmate?” I mean, if this life is truly all there is, then time's running short. You don't want to waste your remaining decades with the “wrong” person, and if you should happen to meet that “right” person....well.....better change horses now while there's yet time. And since, just playing the odds, you're always going to meet someone more “right” than the one you have now, just where does it end? Aren't you apt, if you really follow soulmate propaganda, to merely end up with a lifetime of failed relationships?

But with a healthy belief in God, one can take the long-range view. Doesn't the Bible even instruct that this life is not the real life, anyway....that the “real life” doesn't commence until 1000 years into the new system of God's kingdom rule over earth? So I don't know why we can't be patient, and learn to enjoy the trip. It seems sure to be a good destination in store, since God “is opening his hand and satisfying the desire of every living thing.” (Ps 145:16)
It's an alluring anomaly, that of soulmates. I think we lose a lot of marriages to it. Not all. Doubtless much divorce is just good ol sleaze and lust, today's world plastering illicit sex all over the place, so that people come to think of nothing else. Thus, we Watchtower readers are always hearing about trading one's relationship with God for “a few moments of pleasure.” But with the ever-increasing awareness of ones own emotional well-being that pop culture insists we all must cultivate, one begins to wonder about marriage itself. I mean, it doesn't, as practiced today, really take into account “soulmates,” does it? And yet soulmates would appear to be a good thing. Or is it all just Richard Bachian new-age drivel?
Being 1000 years removed from perfection, it's a little hard to tell. (Rev 20:1-6) We're an awfully self-indulgent people right now, living in an world that insists upon satisfying immediate desires. A “god of their belly” world, where people mind only “things on the earth.” Says Paul:
For there are many, I used to mention them often but now I mention them also with weeping, who are walking as the enemies of the torture stake of the Christ, and their finish is destruction, and their god is their belly, and their glory consists in their shame, and they have their minds upon things on the earth.     Phil 3:18-19
Perhaps it will be that, upon continual cultivation of one's own marriage over time, our spouse, whoever they are, becomes our full blown soulmate. Or, for all I know, marriage itself may turn out to be primarily a provision to get us through our time of imperfection....an arrangement tailor-made for this system, necessary for now, an acceptable way to interact with the opposite sex and provide a framework for raising the next generation, but due to become obsolete 1000 years into the new system, when the originally intended condition of humankind has been realized. Or maybe not. Dunno. It's a 'wait and see.' But we'd do a lot of changing in 1000 years, even without the burden of human imperfection removed. What might we do when it is removed?
You can almost read the possibility in the current wedding vows: “for as long as we both shall live together on earth according to God’s marital arrangement.” While that might imply permanence, doesn't it also allow for the possibility that “God's marital arrangement” might one day, 1000 years from now, change? You must admit, it is one way to resolve that perplexing question of why resurrected ones are said not to marry.
But I haven't the foggiest. No one knows. We don't get it all, in this system of things, nor do we even know what the “all” is. But we do know that, regarding God, he is “opening his hand and satisfying the desire of every living thing.” And really, that ought to suffice.


Tom Irregardless and Me  No Fake News but Plenty of Hogwash



It’s funny you should mention atheism as a potentially motivating factor in the perusal of a soul mate and the break-up of marriages. I had a professor in college who was found of quoting that atheists couples where the lest likely to get divorced, I don’t know where he got this statistic but I think the underlying logic was that if you think your just going to cease to exist when you die then your going to be extremely motivated not to waste time in life, will only marry if your pretty sure you’ve found the right person and will work hard to make it work so as not to waist precious time in an unhappy marriage.

Mormons of course are very marriage centric, in fact we went a little overboard about it in the 19th century and many of the men couldn’t stop at just one. One of the things for which Mormons are most consistently praised by those both within and without of the faith is the emphasis on marriage (though the Churchs negative position on gay marriage is not so universally approved of). Marriage is taught in Mormon theology to be potentially eternal, and while the general divorce rate among Mormons is suppose to be only slightly below the national average, the divorce rate among temple marriages is reportedly quite low.

It’s interesting to learn that marriage post ‘The Millennium’ seems to be an open question among Jehovah’s Witnesses, one wonders what purpose it would serve among those of the earthly resurrection, companionship I suppose, a similitude of Christ and his Church maybe? I mean after Christ’s resurrection would there still be children to be born? The ‘ideal’ of eternal procreation is a big deal in Mormondom. I suppose this could be the stuff of many a late night theological speculation among your co-faithful, I can assure you Mormons have plenty of areas of such late night theorizing. Anyway my grandmother loved Jonathan Livingston Seagull, I’ve theorized about that one myself, when I encounter that work I always feel that there’s something ‘transcendent’ about it that I’m just not quite getting.

Anyway I thought I’d take a moment to mention an article I recently read in the non-Church sanctioned Mormon publication Sunstone. They have a regular column about the early 20th century Apostle James E. Talmage, a very important player in the systematizing of LDS theology into more-or-less its present form. Anyway in a recent edition of said column they address Elder Talmages few mentions of Jehovah’s Witnesses in his journals, the most memorable line of which is this: “Such doctrines as Pastor Russell proclaims to the world are dangerous in that they embody enough truth to be attractive combined with error in toxic amounts.” I mentioned this just because I think its interesting, and that statement pretty much summarizes every religions opinion of every other religion doesn’t it? Anyway the article also includes Elder Talmage’s relating in 1914 the account of a former LDS missionary of his acquaintance who had meet with Charles Taze Russell in 1901 and to quote again from his journals:

“Brother Richards states that he and Elder William E. Pugh were missionaries in Pennsylvania in the late autumn of 1901, and that they met both the Pastor and his wife from whom, however, he had been separated on the wife’s complaint. Both Mr. and Mrs. Russell stated that they had read the ’Mormon publications’, and believed they had in their separate possession all important books published by the Church.”

Now as I understand it Mr. Russell was kind of a systematizer of religious beliefs himself, and had done a lot of his earlier studying among the Seventh-day Adventists, from which he no doubt gained some religious insight. Given this, and frequent surface comparisons between Mormons and JW’s on matters such as both having a lay clergy and rejecting the trinity, do you think there may have been any Mormon influence on his thinking? I’m not saying this to be rude, just curious about an insiders perspective.
Anyway I’ll know when you respond whether I should have written this so late at night.

tom sheepandgoats

I don't care, Nate, if you wake yourself middle of the night to write. A comment from you is always welcome.

I wouldn't go so far as to say marriage post-Millenium is an open question among JWs. I've speculated about it here, but I've never seen it anywhere else. But there is general acceptance, even if not specific, that people will be much different then than now. There are even said to be "new scrolls" to be opened during that time. Who knows what they will contain?

Regarding those similarities you've mentioned, I don't think it's a matter of Mormons influencing JWs or vice versa, but rather both groups not falling for some pretty obvious fallacies.


As a single woman I really shouldn't comment on this topic... but I'm me AND I did say "woman" so I have something to say...

Firstly, thank you for a very interesting blog. I'm so pleased that I'm not the only one that finds that quote from "Love Story" - 'Love means never having to say you're sorry' idiotic. (It reminds me of a older couple my mother studied with. The husband said "you know when I knew my wife was coming into the truth? When after 40 years of marriage she apologised for the first time". Now I don't know if that was literally true or not, I pressed him on it and he insisted it was, but the point is, Love means being willing to recognise your faults and make amends, as imperfect people, I don't know if any healthy relationship can survive without ever saying (or at least communicating) that you are sorry for a mistake)

Anyhoo... that's not what I wanted to comment about really (is there a word limit because I'm probably near it), I just wanted to comment on "divorce in the truth". It is indeed sad that seperation and divorce seem increasingly common in our ranks but its hardly surprising. As you said my generation was the last to have SOME in it that had parents that stayed married; at least we know or have a conception of the model; that's over now. Few marriages survive this system and ours although better, are also casualties. There is a rumour of new help for families (marriages) on the way for JWs through our organisation but I'll not repeat it until it is official in any case, I do believe like you said, that present atmosphere of the disposibility of marriage is contributing to its downfall. That coupled (no pun intended) with the fact that people simply don't have the basic relationship tools to handle relationships and child rearing. Speaking of which the idea you mentioned about "Soulmates" doesn't help. How many soulmates are out there for me? Compatible on physically, spiritually, emotionally... hundreds? thousands I'd say: certainly not one. If you meet one (of the many) I believe you forfeit the others, you "forsake them" EVEN if they would have been more suitble. You build a strategy and come to peace with your choice. You move seats on the bus if need be when you feel that "lightening bolt" that occassionally happens when you (YOU not cupid) hear an innner voice that says "this one stupid!".

So yes, I look around the kingdom hall and remember when we DID used to say "Jehovah's Witnesses don't get divorced" and recognise now all we can say is "JW don't support unscriptural divorce". As you pointed out, in the present system of things, that still makes us a rarity.

tom sheepandgoats

Your story of the older couple is the perfect antidote to "Love Story." Thanks very much for that.

Our people tend to marry early, after the "bloom of youth" is past, of course, but only by minutes. Thus, personalities are not yet fully formed. Sexual attraction becomes the factor that trumps everything else, and other factors....the soulmate ones, if you will, only come into focus later.

I don't see much of a solution for it. The present world is intent upon seeing that people focus on sex from childhood onward. Occassionally I take refuge in books of the previous century or so. Dickens, and whatnot, in which characters routinely waited to marry, often chose not to, and in any case, did not marry until they were able to lay down a firm foundation for its success.

We don't do that too much anymore. We spot an attractive sister in the congregation, and marriage is only a matter of (not too much) time.

Thanks also for the kind words about the blog. I appreciate your site, as well. It represents a lot of work, for sure. There's a place for it. Why should the internet, spiritually speaking, be ceded to soreheads and malcontents?

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